I'm with my folks this week and had to take my Dad to the emergency room. He fell while working in the garden and had a big gash above his eye. It turned out that this is the 4th time in 6 months that this happened. I observed his waking and saw him almost falling over a couple of times from stubbing his toes in the ground. It looks like his hip flexors and lower abs are weak because he doesn't raise his feet high enough. He also veers to the right side trying to stand up after squatting down for a while (working in the garden), picture the 'drunken master' in those kungfu video games that that's what he looks like. So his right leg is especially weak. For the lower-abs and hip-flexors, I have him doing standing knee lifts with adjustable ankle weights. For the right leg, static lunges. He's not strong enough for step-up or one-legged squat varieties, other wise they would have been ideal for his right leg. For general leg strength, body-weight squat (thank God he can still do them); also hip-adductor, kick-back and heel raises all with ankle weights. I also threw in standing one-legged balance exercises for good measure. Now for core strength, I was gonna have him do sit ups, side crunches and lower back exercises. When I asked him to try to sit up, he couldn't even get up to 30deg even with arms swinging for added assistance. This is really bad, considering that he moves big potted plants around all day and doesn't even have enough core strength for 1 sit up.How many sit ups should a healthy 70 year old man be able to do? So sit up routine becomes 'crunches' but he has to start somewhere. I even printed out a weekly workout log for him with pictures of those exercises next to the spaces to fill in for number of reps for them every single day for the next 6 months. I told mom to nag him every day until he logs them, something I know she won't let me down :icon_chee. So far he's been doing them religiously. I'm optimistic things will get better. Anyone here been in the same situation with an elderly relative? Any suggestion?