I think we've already agreed that income has risen within black communities throughout history on a broad level While all child poverty has gone down for all the other races, the level has stayed stagnant for AAs(~28%). I've reiterated that there could be more factors/elements within this current cycle in the AA community (the aforementioned chart shows education as being a factor); I'll explain in a bit, particularly the "cycle" I am attempting to define. -Though the gap in high school graduation has narrowed between blacks and other races, the gap is still very large in terms of college degrees. "Increasingly, a college degree is the key to financial well-being, while the value of a high school diploma has diminished markedly over time." --Bachelor's degree attainment rates(53% Asian, 36% Caucasian, 23 % AAs) Income- though we have settled, it has increased for AAs throughout history but is still an issue in today's time. -"The income of households headed by blacks has persistently lagged behind that of white households since the U.S. Census Bureau began collecting these data in the late 1960s. In 2014, median black household income was about $43,300, while white household income was about $71,300." While I see a significant factor being single parenthood(especially a current level of 70%; --You mentioned cohabitating http://www.unmarried.org/statistics/#parenting -only 35% of black children were living with two parents I have seen what the lack of a male role model has led to(in terms of incarceration, leadership), but a key factor in all this which correlates, is also the lack of income economic disparity still relevant today for AAs. single parenthood>poverty>crime>incarceration>single parenting, etc. -the fastest way to increase household income is to either be married or live with another adult. -(only 35% of black children are living with two parents) --Though this statistic may miss factors like child support, etc. There still is a direct relationship between poverty level and single parenthood among AAs, especially mothers as the parents... they are likely to live in poverty than their single father counterparts ---Could be due to the 7% female employment in STEM fields, who knows.(another topic) I don't wish to make single parenthood a scapegoat and I have viewed your graphs and see there are multiple correlations that impact the problem --I am only stating that the current level of single parenthood in the AA community is significantly higher than other races, as well as there still seems to be a stagnant rate in poverty among black youth; and poverty has been found to have a direct correlation to crime. Even considering your lead point... with 70% single parent homes, how can one AA parent household expect to make enough money to move to a different district? -Though I think local/state gov't should address lead poisoning but understand single parenthood has a direct correlation to poverty, which then leads to crime. They all feed into each other to create such a cycle. Mitigation of one or more factors(increased hs graduation, increased opportunity, welfare amounts, etc.) doesn't discount that there are other factors I think we may simply disagree one single parenthood impacts, but we can agree there are multiple facets to this problem, just there are certain disadvantages/conditions that lead to others. you may have this source already, I saw one of your graphs on there http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2016/06/27/1-demographic-trends-and-economic-well-being/ --I'm in the office dealing with SW updates and can't post pics/graphs atm.