Interesting web page, thought I'd share it. http://www.jiu-jitsu.net/history.shtml Several interesting points/theories pankration possibly root of Oriental martial arts? Rolls had possibly more influence in the development of modern BJJ as we know it than Helio? One of Rolls student "invented" the triangle choke thus making the "old" way of guard passing very dangerous? (we know the one, one arm holding down the opponent and one arm under the leg trying to pass) The reason why the gracies were shown mostly groundwork was because the loss to the Fusen Ryu school was still fresh in the mind of the Judo men thus they were heavily emphasizing ground work?