This FAQ attempts to answer the most commonly-asked questions about grappling, as well as to provide links to excellent online resources. This FAQ and the answers are the combined work of many excellent posters on this board - I mostly just edited it. NOTE: The "online resources" section follows below, at post #4 in this thread. It has lots of valuable links, so please check it out. The most frequently asked questions on this forum, with answers below: 1. Are Japanese Jujitsu and Brazilian Jiu Jitsu the same? 2. What's the difference between Judo and BJJ? 3. What grappling style should I train? 4. How long does it take to get a black/brown/purple/blue belt in BJJ? 5. What color gi should I get? 6. How do I beat someone bigger and stronger than me? 7. My first tournament is coming up. What should I do? 8. How do I do the anaconda/nog/gator/cool spinny/ choke? 9. Ringworm!?!?!? 10. What is the scoring system for BJJ? 11. What is the scoring system for Judo? 12. What is the scoring system for Sambo? 13. What grappling skill level am I? 14. How do I get out of side control? 15. Should I train gi or no-gi? 16. What books can get me started? 17. What is the best video instructional? 18. I can't finish the triangle choke! 19. Cauliflower ear - what is it, and how do I fix it? 20. How do I cut weight for a tournament? 21. Leglocks - What are the differences between an ankle/achilles lock, heelhook, toehold, and kneebar? (And is it true the ankle/achilles lock is just a pain submission)? 22. Lloyd Irvin? 1. Is Japanese Jujitsu and Brazilian Jiu Jitsu the same? No. Japanese Jiu Jitsu was developed by samurai a long time ago. Jiu Jitsu back then was just a catch phrase for tricky unarmed fighting techniques. Brazilian Jiu Jitsu was developed by the Gracies after a Judoka named Maeda/Count Koma went to Brazil and taught them for a short time. The Gracies focused more on ground grappling and locks, pretty much eliminating all strikes and creating a special point system that emphasized obtaining a dominant position. 2. What's the difference between Judo and BJJ? The techniques are the same. The gi is similar. The rules, however, are different. In Judo you win by scoring a clean throw on to their back, a submission, a pin for a certain amount of time or accumulating fractions of points by obtaining partial throws on the shoulders, sides, etc or pins for a short time. In BJJ you win by submission or, if the match time elapses without a submission, adding up the points you obtained through achieving positions and reversals during the match. Because of the way these rules differ, Judo focuses primarily on takedowns, while BJJ focuses primarily on ground grappling. Judo and BJJ both train in each of these areas, just with different emphasis. 3. Which style should I do? I don't know. I've never met you. It depends on what your goal is and how much you are willing to sacrifice in order to obtain it. All grappling schools vary from gym to gym. I've been to schools where the style was the same, but one was really relaxed and cool, and the other was like boot camp. Both of them gave me what I wanted at that time. Best thing to do is find a gym in your area and do a trial lesson. Than choose the one that makes the most sense goal-wise, distance-wise, and financially. 4. How long does it take to get a black/brown/purple/blue belt in BJJ? It is different for every person and instructor. BJ Penn obtained a black belt in 4 years with CONSTANT training every day...but the average is probably around 8 to 12 years. It *generally* takes around 6 months to 2 years for blue, and from there 2-5 to purple, and then 2-4 to brown, with brown to black about 1-3. But these are just very vague numbers, and it doesn't mean you are a prodigy/reject if you do it much slower or faster. 5. What color Gi should i get? It depends primarily on your school. Blue or white gis are the standard colors. Most judo and BJJ competitions only allow blue or white gis. You are almost always best off buying a blue or white gi as a beginner. Know that some schools make you train in particular gis that match a school standard. Be aware. It is best to ask for advice at your school about this question, from your instructor or other students. 6.How do I beat someone who is bigger and stronger than me? Jiu jitsu isn't magical. If your opponent is heavier and stronger, then you will need better technique in order to even the odds. If your opponent is both physically superior and has better technique, only a fluke/miracle can save you. Just relax, and train to get better, rather than worrying about beating a much better opponent. That said, the BJJ techniques that most consistently work against larger opponents tend to involve armdrags to take the back, spider guard, half guard, and footlocks. 7. My first tournament is coming up. What should I do? Focus on your cardio and takedowns...the worst thing is to get really good at BJJ and then lose because your opponent took you down and stayed on top of you the whole match. The best way to get good at doing tournaments is by doing a lot of tournaments. 8. How do I do the Anaconda choke/Nog Roll/gator roll/ cool spinny thingy? YouTube - Anaconda Choke - Denis Kang 9. Ringworm?!?! Search Function 10.what is the scoring system for bjj? BJJ scoring from bjj.com.au: Rules & RegulationsPoint system: Takedown - 2 points Sweep or reversal - 2 points Guard pass - 3 points Knee-ride - 2 points/3points Mount - 4 points Back control - 4 points 11.What is the scoring system for Judo? In Judo competition the objective is to score an ippon (one full point). Once such a score is obtained the competition ends. Ippon can be scored by: Executing a skillful throwing technique which results in one contestant being thrown largely on the back with considerable force or speed. Maintaining a pin for 20 seconds. One contestant cannot continue and gives up. One contestant is disqualified for violating the rules (hansoku-make). Applying an effective armbar or an effective stranglehold (this does not usually apply for children). Earning two waza-ari (half point). A waza-ari can be earned by: 1) a throwing technique that is not quite an ippon (for example the opponent lands only partly on the back, or with less force than required for ippon); 2) holding one contestant in a pin for 20 seconds; or 3) when the opponent violates the rules (shido) three times. If the time runs out with neither contestant scoring an ippon, then the referee will award the win to the contestant who has the next highest score. For example a contestant with one yuko would win against an opponent who scored 4 kokas. 12. What is the scoring system/rules for sport sambo? WINNING THE SPORT SAMBO MATCH (taken from rus-sambo.com): A match can be won in one of several ways: 1. Total Victory (a "perfect throw" or submission hold) which ends match immediately; 2. Technical Superiority (12 point difference in score), which ends match immediately; 3. Point difference at end of match duration. If there has been no Total Victory or Technical Superiority, the sportsman with the most points at the end of the match wins - no minimum point score required. Tie matches are decided by a one minute overtime period, or if there is no winner at the end of overtime, by majority decision of the officials. SCORING IN SPORT SAMBO: 1. Hold Down: (Immobilization or Predicament) - Similar to a judo hold down or a long wrestling near fall. One sportsman must hold the back of the other sportsman toward the mat in a danger position (less than 90 degrees), with chest, side or back in unbroken contact with the chest of the opponent to score. A hold down is "broken" when contact between the athletes is broken when space is created between them, or the defending athlete turns over to the stomach or the side with an angle greater than 90 degrees. A Hold down may only be scored once in a match and will earn either 2 points for a ten second hold down or 4 points for a twenty second hold down. Once a hold down is scored, a sportsman cannot attempt another. 2. Submission Hold: A pressure hold (arm or leg lock) applied ot the arm or leg of the opponent which makes the opponent surrender or submit by calling out or by tapping the mat at least twice. Submission holds cannot be applied in standing position. A submission hold ends the match. 3. Throw: A throw is scored anytime one sportsman takes another to the mat in a single, continuous and uninterrupted action. A Sambo throw is more than a simple wrestling takedown, however. Like a judo or Greco-Roman throw, it must start with both sportsmen on their feet, one sportsmen must unbalance the other and take the opponent directly to the mat with one action without stopping. A throw must knock the defender off their feet either by lifting or tripping them, not merely dragging them down. A throw is scored based on two factors: How the thrown athlete lands and whether the thrower remains standing (scoring twice as many points if remaining standing). A Perfect Throw results in Total Victory and stops the match when a sportsman throws the other to his back while remaining standing. Other throws will score 4 points, 2 points, or 1 point, depending on the impact point of the thrown athlete.