I got a lot of good answers on my other thread so here's another bundle of questions I have. This is what I meant by confusing myself. The mathematician in me wants to be a reductionist with everything and so I end up breaking things down ad nauseum. Whereas, I then see a 14 year old who kicks as hard as I do who isn't thinking about any of this. As far as I can tell the following variables are involved in regard to the front (pivot) foot. Anterior Distance (How far do I step toward opponent relative to my standard stance) Medial Distance (How far do I step to the side of my opponent [opening my stance] relative to my standard stance) Initial Foot Angle (In my standard stance my foot angle is at 12 o'clock [I was initially using degrees but using clock face will make it easier to converse about] relative to my opponent [faces them], when I step, before I do any pivoting, what time is it?) Ending Foot Angle (When the kick lands, what time does my pivot foot now point at? This combined with Initial Foot Angle describes the degree of my pivot) Does anyone else think about these sorts of things? Now, what I take from them: Anterior Distance - This is more or less determined by experience and being able to 'find my range.' However, medial distance exerts a degree of influence. Imagine where our kick lands when stepping with x anterior distance and y medial distance. Now imagine where this target changes if we step with x anterior distance and 'y+z' medial distance. Medial Distance - The smaller the medial distance the less distance our kicking less has to travel. The bigger the distance the easier it becomes to kick at a horizontal angle because its easier to stack our hips relative to the target. Is this right? Foot Angles - The greater the disparity here the more we've pivoted and thus, all else equal, the more power we've created. I also take it to be the case that our foot should never be between 1 and 5. The least extreme initial angle should be at '12' and the most extreme ending foot angle should be at 6. So, that's my attempt at describing what is going on with the pivot foot. Any thoughts welcome, even if the thought is that I'm doomed to paralysis by analysis. Lol.