I need some pointers. 9 times out of 10, I can open someone's closed guard. Most of the time, I'll go to half-guard and then pass from there and am pretty successful at this. However, sometimes the opponent prevents me from going to their half-guard by either getting their knee in or doing something else, forcing me to pass the legs another way. Some guys have awesome open guards and I just can't get past it using the moves I know. Another situation is if I am standing, I am horrible at passing. I need some methods to try. My memory is horrible these days and I always find myself thinking out each step of a move, instead of just flowing. These pauses get me in trouble. As a new purple, I abosolutely should be able to pass the guard better than I can and need to work on it something serious. All help is appreciated. Look forward to the flames that will likely be thrown my way.