The S&C-related Studies Thread

Discussion in 'Strength & Conditioning Discussion' started by miaou, Dec 11, 2011.

  1. Hydroximal

    Hydroximal Yellow Belt

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    He wrote another edition of Low Back Disorders, not sure when it will be available for sale though. I was told next year but I don't know it that's set.
     
  2. Eric Brown

    Eric Brown Crusty old bastard

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    Olympic Weightlifting and Plyometric Training With Children Provides Similar or Greater Performance Improvements Than Traditional Resistance Training

    Full study available for non-members at this time. Worth the read. Number one reason why I like this study is it is yet another piece of evidence supporting weightlifting for youth lifters.

    "The present results do not suggest that traditional RT should be precluded from RT programs for children. In light of the common misperceptions that high intensity, high velocity, more complex coordinated activities like OWL and plyometrics may be ineffective and lead to injury in children, this study demonstrates the effectiveness of these training modalities"
    -- From Practical Applications
     
  3. miaou

    miaou barely keeping it together

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    I found this study pretty interesting. Time-to-exhaustion (for subjects cycling on fixed pace to exhaustion) was increased when viewing positive subliminal cues/faces vs negative subliminal cues/faces, and the difference was pretty substantial. Not something "groundbreaking" in terms of coaching practice, but certainly interesting to see controlled study findings on this.

    Here is the study abstract:

     
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  4. LatFlare

    LatFlare EADC

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    I like this:

     
  5. selfcritical

    selfcritical Brown Belt

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    http://facstaff.bloomu.edu/jandreac/Downloads/class_notes/ExPhys-II/Docherty_and_Sporer_2000.pdf
    A a lit review of the interference effects and how to avoid them in concurrent training. General conclusions were that interference can be most easily avoided by gearing both strength and cardio training toward central rather than peripheral effects. Largest interference effects were predicted when trying to maximize strength training toward cross-sectional area and cardio toward peripheral adaptations at the same time. Apparently this is not heavily researched
     
    Last edited: Jan 3, 2015
  6. ssdd

    ssdd Purple Belt

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    The link isn't working but looks interesting to me. Does peripheral adaptations in cardio mean localized? Like punching endurance type drills would have a lot of interference with hypertrophy type shoulder training? What is a central strength effect?
     
  7. selfcritical

    selfcritical Brown Belt

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    I edited the link. Is it working now?
     
  8. miaou

    miaou barely keeping it together

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    That is a 15-year-old paper postulating a hypothesis and proposing a model for further study. Its goal is to provide guidelines for further study (again, that was 15 years ago), it is not to provide training guidelines.

    Here are some more recent reviews on concurrent strength and endurance training:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17095931 (2006)
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19448698 (2009)
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22002517 (2012)
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24728927 (2014)

    This subject is also briefly touched-upon in the FAQs:
     
  9. selfcritical

    selfcritical Brown Belt

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    Thanks. I posted that one because it focused more on the outcomes of specific interventions rather than the chemical signaling mechanisms, but I admit that I'm just personally bad at groking the implications of the ampk stuff for practical training for mixed sport.
     
  10. Viskovitz

    Viskovitz Blue Belt

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    Real Strength Gains from Mental Imagery


    Methodology:

    Results:


    So... May the force be with you?
     
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  11. Badger67

    Badger67 Taxidea taxus

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    We covered a fair amount of this in some of my kin training classes. I'll see if i can dig up the studies and meta analyses of it for your review later on, but the premises was:

    1) Strength training on different days than endurance elicited less negative effects on VO2 max gains and strength/Hypertroyphy. In other words, it can be done efficiently given sufficient rest.
    2) Plyometric training increased strength gains while maintaining most endurance training effects despite a reduction in endurance training [they substituted 33% endurance work for plyo]. This was done in trained athletes. Neural adaptations played the biggest factor in the endurance aspects as there was greater neural output RFD and less "time on contact of ground" during running; they increased 5km performance time by 4% despite less endurance training.
    3) Increase in TSC 1,2 from endurance training reduces mTOR pathways effects for hypertrophy/strength.
    For those who don't know, what this means is that TSC 1,2 is activated during low energy availability or high stress (like in endurance training) and then down regulates protein synthesis.
     
    Last edited: Feb 24, 2015
  12. Badger67

    Badger67 Taxidea taxus

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    Only managed to find one of the studies on concurrent training and TSC 1,2's role on mTOR. This study wasn't entirely on TSC 1,2 but it does mention it as inhibiting mTOR possibly, and from some of my physiology classes, similar notions have been cited (i will update this when i can acquire the other studies).

    "Activation of AMPK by endurance exercise may inhibit mTOR signaling via
    tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and suppress resistance-exercise-induced muscle-protein synthesis"
    http://www.8weeksout.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/molecular-responses-to-strength-and-endurance-training-are-they-incompatible-2009.pdf
     
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  13. Badger67

    Badger67 Taxidea taxus

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    "Longer inter-set rest periods enhance muscle strength and hypertrophy in resistance-trained men."
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26605807
    "The present study provides evidence that longer rest periods promote greater increases in muscle strength and hypertrophy in young resistance-trained men."
     
  14. selfcritical

    selfcritical Brown Belt

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    Just saw that one too. Also one about HR-determined rest intervals producing better hypertrophy
     
  15. selfcritical

    selfcritical Brown Belt

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  16. selfcritical

    selfcritical Brown Belt

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  17. Imbrued Esculence

    Imbrued Esculence The belt that resides inside you

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  18. Badger67

    Badger67 Taxidea taxus

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    Only read the abstract; did they return to individual baseline resting heart rate or a % of work heart rate?
    Good find btw.
     
  19. miaou

    miaou barely keeping it together

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    I saw this study the other day when it was posted in a fb group. This was my comment:

    Opposite results from the current "textbook consensus" , small sample (10 subjects per group), measurements on three muscles and only one muscle showing significant differences, the team with the short breaks didn't have any differential effects on muscle endurance (as one might have expected in "resistance-trained" individuals). I'd call this a preliminary study, I don't think one can draw safe conclusions without replication/further evidence.

    My personal opinion, based on the entire existing relevant literature, is that, for contractile protein hypertrophy, the main (if not the only) factor is total long-term training volume performed at or over moderate intensity. Neither rep range, neither exact intensity %, neither between-set break, neither frequency.
     
  20. Badger67

    Badger67 Taxidea taxus

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    Good take on it. I saw it on a FB post with Dean Somerset and posted it in here because it doesn't fit the typical narrative. I don't have access to the entire study, but i'd be curious to know if they did a power of validity test or not.

    I agree with he long term training volume, i noticed my most significant muscle gains from higher volume during one summer.
     

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