Let's hash out the whole "militia" issue of the 2nd amendment and any subsequent amendments that may have baring on it. The Second Amendment - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution Ok, what exactly is a militia? - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Militia Relevant Acts or Amendments regarding Militias 1. Militia Acts of 1792 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Militia_Acts_of_1792 So, what was a militia prior to this official "organized" militia called for in this act? Likely a combination of the first three entries of the Militia section above... Here's the interesting part, prior to this act a militia simply consisted of local men of particular town, city, state that volunteered to defend it in times of need. They had no obligation to leave their areas as part of that mutually agreed upon responsibility which basically meant the government could not call out any available militia from Indiana and order them to Ohio, well they could...but the militia didn't have to listen. Not having the ability to call for reinforcements, nor having much a standing army, the government passed the militia act of 1792. Now Washington could tell those armed Indiana citizens to get their asses to Ohio. Ah, but what if the armed Indiana citizens simply decided "nope, I don't agree to be part of the militia"? Well...... 2. Second Militia Act of 1792 Oh, so those Indiana militia boys decided they don't want to be militia if that means they may have to go to Ohio, screw Ohio. Well, guess what? Now this act says EVERY white male between 18 and 45 is a militia member in waiting of their respective States and not only that but you have to be able to provide a firearm and specific amount of ammunition at a moments notice should Papa Washington call. Oh, and congressmen were exempt. 3. Militia Act of 1862 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Militia_Act_of_1862 So basically "Hey Shaka, sorry about the chains but you want to shoot some dudes in gray? Maybe dig a ditch or two? Well, mostly dig a ditch or two?". 4. Militia Act of 1903 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Militia_Act_of_1903 So basically provides the new official federal name for a States militia, under what circumstances they could be used by the Federal government and also provided funds for arms and equipment rather than requiring the individual to kit themselves out. In return they have to meet the same requirements of training, education and availability as regular soldiers. Ah, but nothing is every perfect and the issue of State vs Federal right to militia support was a problem. After all, Ohio might need help from those Indiana life takers and heart breakers but....Indiana might need them as well and at the same time. So, the Militia Act of 1903 or as it's affectionately known... The Dick Act after Charles Dick, Congressman (later Senator) from Ohio and Chairman of the House Militia Affairs Committee, who also served as President of the National Guard Association of the United States. Dick was a veteran of the Spanish–American War and a longtime National Guard member who attained the rank of Major General as commander of the Ohio National Guard. Here's the really good part that hopefully pays off for the patience...What most specifically did it do? This law repealed the Militia Acts of 1792 and designated the militia [per Title 10, Section 311] as two groups: the Unorganized Militia, which included all able-bodied men between ages 17 and 45, and the Organized Militia, which included state militia (National Guard) units receiving federal support. Notice one super important fact here? It mentions nothing further about Unorganized Militia. Not having detailed further items about their comportment that means that ALL males between the age of 17 and 45 having not volunteered/signed up/trained and equipped specifically for the Organized militia are by default considered potential Unorganized Militia. Oh, and nothing about this act says the firearm requirement for militia is rescinded for unorganized militia. It just means the government doesn't have to provide you the firearms or ammunition to fight. You have to be able to provide that yourself unless the government decides to give you something because your grandpa's muzzle loading rifle, pump action 12 gauge or 38 revolver simply ain't cutting it. To be Cont.